He is seen as the main influence behind Ayatollah Khomeini's acceptance of the UN Security Council resolution which ended the war.
As president between 1989 and 1997, Mr Rafsanjani sought to encourage a rapprochement with the West and re-establish Iran as a regional power. His influence in Lebanon helped bring about the release of Western hostages in the early 1990s.
Some excerpts from press comment:
"Now that the lady of peace is in Iran, this is what we have to say to her: the people of the world admired you, Iranians were proud of you, humanity smiled at you. But after all these congratulations, will you remember that Iranian women and children are waiting with to see if you can breathe meaning into their rights with the Nobel Peace Prize that you deservedly received."
Etemaad - reformist